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chinese garden dog

Dog Breeds

Chinese name: Chinese Garden Dog
Alias: native dog
Country of Origin: China
Hair length: long hair
Body shape: medium
Height: 40-55cm
Weight: 22-25kg
Lifespan: 13-18 years

Basic Information

Chinese Garden Dog (Latin scientific name: Canis lupus familiaris), traditionally called "local dog", and also called "Shiba Inu" in some places in the north, is a mammal belonging to the order Carnivora, Canidae, and Canine subfamily. The shoulder height is about 40~60 cm, and the weight is about 15~35 kg. A native dog breed in urgent need of rescue.

The appearance of the Chinese Garden Dog is very similar to that of early wolves, Chinese wolves, and prairie wolves, with a short muzzle and a flat forehead. Chinese garden dogs are mainly distributed in the low-altitude Han gathering areas south of the Great Wall and east of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, centered in the central region. They are widely found in Han Chinese rural areas and Southeast Asia. Nowadays, urbanization also widely treats Chinese garden dogs as pets. dog. The Chinese Garden Dog is a product of the Chinese Han people's agricultural society for thousands of years. It is a living fossil of history and culture and is known as the "Chinese National Dog."

Introduction to native dog breeds

There are also small morphological differences between Chinese Garden Dogs in different regions, but they all have the same main characteristics. Some friends think that pastoral dogs have great regional differences, and their free breeding genetics are unstable, as if they have no characteristics. In fact, as long as you observe carefully, you can still find their commonalities. When you casually recognize a so-called "country dog", you can already identify a pastoral dog through its common characteristics, but most people have not specifically extracted the common characteristics of these pastoral dogs. Just like Tibetan Mastiffs have great individual differences, and some people say that Tibetan Mastiffs are genetically unstable, but when you see a Tibetan Mastiff, you can easily tell it is a Tibetan Mastiff, which means that their commonalities outweigh their individual differences. The same goes for the Chinese Garden Dog.

Species distribution of native dogs

Chinese Garden Dogs are mainly distributed south of the Great Wall.

Distribution range of Chinese garden dogs

To the east of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the low-altitude Han gathering areas centered on the Central Plains are the product of the agricultural society of the Chinese Han people for thousands of years. Such distribution definition is very important, as it clarifies that the living environment of Chinese garden dogs is a low-altitude farming society area with a warm environment.

Of course, with the continuous migration of the Han nation over the past thousands of years, the distribution range of Chinese garden dogs has also been expanding. For example, in Northeast China, due to the immigration of Han people, there are many pastoral dogs in the countryside that are different from the pastoral areas in Northeast China, and some of them have been hybridized with dog breeds from other regions to form new breeds. But one thing is certain that the Chinese Garden Dog is a product of the farming society in the Central Plains of China.

Subspecies distribution

Chinese Garden Dogs are widely distributed in rural areas of Han China. Due to factors such as region, environment and blood relationship, many different strains and subspecies have been formed. Based on the analysis of the dog's appearance characteristics and distribution area, Chinese garden dogs can be roughly divided into three major strains, namely the northern strain, the Jiangsu and Zhejiang strains, and the Guangdong and Guangxi strains.

Note: The three major strains are the result of macro analysis. There must be some unique subspecies appearing in many small places. There is also a large part of the border zone between the distribution areas of these three major strains, and the dogs here also appear as transitional breeds. The distribution area of the three major strains is in the shape of a triangle, with a large blank area in the middle, mainly in Hubei and Hunan. Whether the pastoral dogs in this area are independent strains or transitional varieties needs further research and demonstration.

Northern strain

Northern fold dog

It is distributed from the northeast to the Yellow River Basin to the middle and upper reaches of the Yangtze River to the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau (excluding minority areas), and is distributed in a diagonal line from the northeast to the southwest. Although the environmental differences in this vast area are huge, especially the different climates between the north and the south, which result in different dog sizes and different hair textures, the appearance of the dog breeds in this area is very similar. For example: the mutt dog commonly known as the Northeastern dog is almost identical in appearance to the native dog in Sichuan, except that the Northeastern dog is larger and has thicker hair and is more cold-resistant; the Sichuan native dog is smaller and has thick and sparse hair in order to adapt to the humid climate in the south. . Interestingly, the distribution area of this strain coincides exactly with the distribution of the northern language family of Han Chinese.

Its characteristics are: there are more miscellaneous coats, fewer dogs with solid-colored hair, and the ears are mainly forward-sloped (the so-called "front-sloped ears" refer to the fact that the ears are placed high on the top of the head, so that the ears naturally move toward the head when relaxed. The front of the head hangs down), and they often have long hair and a large curly tail, retaining more characteristics of northern dog breeds.

The Northern Fold-eared dog has half-folded ears and a majestic face, making it a good watchdog.

Jiangsu and Zhejiang strains:

Su dog

Mainly distributed in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, and Anhui. The characteristics of dog breeds in this area are: large, long and upright ears, high ears, full inner ear hair, pointed muzzles and slender limbs, mostly white abdominal hair, fewer mixed-haired dogs, and Mid-length and slim fit.

The dogs in this area are very similar to the dogs in Japan and Korea, and may be closely related to the frequent foreign exchanges in the East China Sea in ancient China. Not only did Chinese culture spread to the outside world, but various Chinese products, including domestic animals and dogs, were also brought to these places.

Guangdong and Guangxi strains

The distribution area is centered in Guangdong, including parts of Guangxi and Fujian. The dog breeds in this area are also the most well-known. Many excellent dog breeds originated here, such as: Shapi, Chaoshan Datou,


Guangdong Chow Chow, which has a lot to do with the unique dog culture in Guangdong and Guangxi regions. These excellent dog breeds also have a deep connection with the local pastoral dogs, and they have more or less similar blood sources and appearance characteristics.

The origin of the development of native dogs

The Qiu Guan Shu of "The Rites of Zhou" records: There are three types of dogs, one is the field dog, the other is the barking dog, and the third is the food dog. It can be seen that the classification of dogs in ancient China was mostly based on function, and did not focus on the appearance of the dog. Due to different abilities, the best dogs that can hunt become field dogs, and those that are not able to hunt but are still ferocious can become guard barking dogs. If they are no longer useful, they will only be eaten by people. Such manual screening means that the dog breeds prevalent in China do not have fixed pedigrees.

The traditional Chinese culture, dominated by the Han people, ignores dogs and the dog culture of modern society turns a blind eye to this breed. As a result, the dog breed that has been running on the land of China for more than 5,000 years does not even have a decent name. The folk call it "Tu". dog. "Tu dog" literally means "local dog" and cannot be the name of a dog, so the name and concept of "Chinese pastoral dog" emerged.

Excluding these breeds, we only look at pastoral dogs. Their characteristics are: the coat color is mainly solid and single-color, and there are few mixed-haired dogs; due to the hot climate, dogs are mainly close-fitting and short-haired, but some dogs have extremely long and thick hair. Present; the ears are small and upright, the tongue often has a black tongue or a flowery tongue, and the body is thick and muscular. Due to the above-mentioned appearance characteristics and the large number of Guangdong Chow Chows distributed in this area, it is suspected that the dogs in Guangdong and Guangxi are greatly affected by the Chow Chow bloodline. Guangxi dog, Guangxi native dog, group hound, erect ears, colorful tongue or black tongue. Often used for hunting wild boars.

Physiological indicators of native dogs

Touch: Use your thumb and index finger to pinch the web between the middle toes of the puppy's front feet, and count the numbers from one to ten in your mouth, while gradually increasing the strength of your fingers accordingly; if the puppy has struggled violently at the beginning, it will be difficult to restrain, restrain and train in the future. Overly sensitive; dogs that struggle at peak strength need a tough trainer.

Hearing: Make the sound-producing instrument make a loud sound first and then hide it in a corner - usually a metal cover or the like. After a sound, the puppy will often be frightened. If it does not respond, take it to the veterinarian immediately to check whether it is a deaf dog. If the puppy can quickly return to normal and can investigate the source of the sound, that is A dog with excellent head sensitivity. A dog that is frightened and avoids the source of sound may not be suitable for a noisy family.

Vision: Choose some strips of cloth and wave them in front of the puppies. The confident puppies will quietly study what they are; the brave ones will try to bite it; and the timid ones will already hide.

Character traits

It has a relatively docile personality and is not likely to actively attack humans. It can live in groups, is very territorial, is easy to raise, has high loyalty, and is not prone to skin diseases. It was widely used for housekeeping and early hunting in rural areas.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages of Chinese Garden Dog:

Too smart to be useless. Native dog babies are really smart, with very high IQ/EQ. For example, if guests come to your home, it will show different states according to different people. If it is closer to you, it will stay silently and observe. If it encounters a bad person like that, it will probably rush up and kill that person! It’s so domineering!

Intelligent and responsive. Super quick. Native dog babies are very alert to the slightest noise. Their nerves are always in the most awake state and they can bear the brunt of any situation. Native dog babies are also very wary of strangers approaching outside. Generally, they will not eat food given by strangers. They are really independent, self-reliant, lovable and able to protect themselves.

There is no princess disease if you are not pretentious. Native dog babies are generally easy to take care of, rarely get sick, are not picky about food, are in good health, and taste good when they eat. Moreover, she is not squeamish and does not have princess syndrome. She is whatever you say, but at the same time she has her own character.

Very understanding of human nature and connected with you heart to heart. Earth dog babies seem to have the attribute of knowing how to deal with the world. They are generally very understanding of human nature, understand your thoughts and understand your instructions, and they are as close to each other as a gourd baby. They can generally understand your emotions, so when you are angry, they will no longer play wildly, but will stay silently.

Sometimes I have my own literary style. Yes, you heard it right, I am a native dog baby described by the two words "literary and artistic"! Do you think that when we are called native dogs, we have to be very low-key? Sometimes we native dog babies also need to be literary men/women. What a cool year! Isn’t this country dog baby with a pattern paper able to make your face look bloody?

People will also be cute. Who doesn’t know how to be cute? It’s just that most native dog babies are very mature and stable. They hide their inner children and then take care of their homes and homes responsibly. But when the pure and clean child in their hearts comes out, whether those little eyes can melt you or not, and whether they act cute or coquettish, all depends on their mood!

Strong survivability and very down-to-earth. Most native dog babies have very strong survivability. Even abandoned stray dogs will comb their hair carefully and work hard to find food to survive. Because they are not picky about food, they will even eat bugs. This is simply a special soldier among dogs, cool and down-to-earth!

Disadvantages of Chinese Garden Dog:

The Chinese Garden Dog is not considered a precious breed, and taking the dog out may be considered a loss of face. There is no designation standard for purebred dogs in the Chinese Garden Dog.

Feeding method

Generally, it is recommended to feed puppies one to two months old with rice soaked in soup. If you feed bones to dogs, it is recommended to chop the bones into small pieces. First, it will prevent the dog from swallowing the whole bone and getting stuck in the throat. Second, the small bones are beneficial to the puppy’s gastrointestinal digestion. It is recommended that puppies under two months old be kept at home and fed, because the puppies are more vulnerable at this time.

Note: Do not feed raw meat to puppies, and do not place pesticides and rat poisons from farmers where puppies can reach them.

A native dog that is about three months old is relatively easy to raise and can be left alone. It can then become familiar with the outside environment, make friends with the native dogs around it, and prevent it from being lonely. At this time, you can also feed the dog larger bones to facilitate the dog's teeth grinding.

Precautions: Prevent dog thieves from stealing dogs, and passing vehicles running over dogs.

Identify and select

When distinguishing Chinese garden dogs from other dog breeds, the distinction should be made based on the living environment of the regional ethnic group and the local culture. For example, some friends have mentioned that the Liangshan Dog should be regarded as a Chinese pastoral dog. However, the Liangshan Dog is a breed from high-altitude and cold ethnic minority areas. Although its body shape is similar to that of a pastoral dog, its wildness, hair quality, and head shape are not the same. It is a breed that is more accepting of Tibetan dogs. In particular, the long-haired Liangshan dog looks very much like a Tibetan dog. Its forehead is wide, its ears are low, and its ears are large and completely collapsed. In our eyes, the "local dog" (Chinese pastoral dog) has a head shape with a flat forehead, narrow ears, and flat ears. It is difficult to see dogs with high position, small ears and upright or semi-erect (semi-drooped) dogs, so Liangshan should not be regarded as one of the Chinese garden dogs.

The two breeds of Eastern Sichuan Hound and Xiasi Dog are very famous dog breeds in China. Compared with most pastoral dogs, their physical appearance is very different, and they should both belong to minority dog breeds. The East Sichuan Hound may belong to the ancient Ba people, and the Xiasi Dog is from the Miao ethnic group, so neither should be classified as a Chinese Pastoral Dog. Some people say that the Hubei Arrow Dog is very similar to the Taiwanese native dog, but if you look closely, you will find that it is closer to the Eastern Sichuan Hound. Many physical characteristics are very similar to the Eastern Sichuan Hound. In particular, it has the same bamboo shoot tail as the Eastern Sichuan Hound. Not seen in other dog breeds. There is also the Hunan bearded dog, which should be of the same origin as the Xiasi dog, so the Hubei arrow-haired and bearded dog are not among the Chinese pastoral dogs.

Head: The head features are closer to the appearance of its ancestor wolf, with a pointed mouth, short mouth and flat forehead.

Ears: The ears are set high, small and erect or semi-erect. Semi-erect ears are semi-drooped towards the front of the head. (Unlike some other dog breeds with large ears that fall to both sides of the head)

Tail: The tail is tilted upward, especially when walking. The tail is mainly money tail and sickle tail. (Obviously different from the straighter and drooping tail of most Western dog breeds)

Hind legs: When standing still, the hind legs are obviously straight and perpendicular to the ground, with no obvious bend in the ankle joint. (Especially compared to the curved ankle joints of most Western dog breeds)

Coat: Mainly medium hair, coarse hair, easy to keep clean. Colors include yellow, white, black, and mixed colors.

Body Shape: The body is well-proportioned and compact; medium in size, with a length-to-shoulder-height ratio of approximately 1:1. The hind legs are straight and almost perpendicular to the ground, making the entire body square.