Bordaella bronchitis has been found in many domestic and wild animals, as well as in humans, and can be cured. After hundreds of isolation and identification, it was found that the strain showed considerable variation among individuals due to different host distribution and viral virulence.
Causes of Bordetella In DogsB. Bordet is a gram-negative bacterium that is the main pathogen causing bronchitis in dogs.
Symptoms Of Bordetella In DogsBordetella infection in dogs is distinct from canine infectious bronchitis. It occurs mostly in caged and captive puppies younger than four months. The main clinical symptoms of the disease were purulent nasal secretion, dyspnea, cyanosis, emaciation and anorexia.
Diagnostic Criteria for Bordetella In DogsThe disease can be confirmed by isolation of B. Bordetella from the respiratory tract of infected puppies.
Treatment Of Bordetella In DogsDoxycycline (liquid) 2.5-5.0 mg/kg, orally, twice a day for 5-7 days;
Ampicillin, 12.5-25 mg/kg, orally twice daily for 10 days (minimum dose);
Trimethoprim, 15mg/kg, orally twice daily for 10 days (minimum dose).
Methods of prevention and control
Intranasal immunization of healthy puppies living in areas where Bordetella is endemic is essential. Local immunization against B. Bordetella can be administered at 2-4 weeks of age.