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Nasal Aspergillosis Dog:Causes, Treatment, and Related Symptoms

Dog Medicine
Aspergillus and Penicillium are saprotic fungi that form colonies in the cavities of the nose and sinuses. German shepherds are the most commonly infected species.

Causes of Nasal Aspergillosis Dog

Aspergillosis is caused by several fungal species of the genus Aspergillus, which are found in decaying plants, mouldy sewage, and animals infected by inhalation of spores that drift in the air.

Main symptoms of Nasal Aspergillosis in Dogs

The most common clinical presentation in infected dogs is the presence of large amounts of purulent nasal mucosal discharge that is not sensitive to antibiotics, with intermittent nosebleeds, ulcers at the external nasal openings, and facial pain.

Diagnostic criteria for Nasal Aspergillosis in Dogs

Cytological examination can determine the type of Aspergillus, especially when the fungus is isolated from the lesion tissue and the diagnosis is confirmed. The mouth of the animal is opened, and then the dorsoventral X-ray examination is performed. Turbinate damage was clearly visible on CT scan.
White, grey-green colonies were seen in the nose with rhinoscopy, a typical sign of nasal aspergillosis.

Treatment Method of Nasal Aspergillosis in Dogs

Itraconazole 10mg/kg was given orally for at least 6 weeks and should be continued for at least 2 weeks after the clinical symptoms disappeared. Enconazole and clotrimazole are also preferred drugs, but there are still no effective treatment reports for the treatment of this disease, and the choice should be cautious.