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Dog Pneumonia:Causes, Treatment, and Related Symptoms

Dog Medicine
Canine pneumonia is an acute or chronic inflammation of the bronchioles and lungs. It usually occurs in old and young dogs and occurs in late autumn, winter, and early spring.

Causes of Dog Pneumonia

"1. Viral pneumonia: See canine distemper virus, canine adenovirus I and II, canine parainfluenza virus, herpesvirus, reovirus."
2, bacterial pneumonia: seen in chlamydia, mycoplasma, streptococcus, Staphylococcus, bronchopulmonary brucella, Klebsiella and other infections.
3, fungal pneumonia: seen in coccidioides, blastomyces, histoplasma, cryptococcus and Aspergillus infection.
4. Parasitic pneumonia. It is found in leptotene, filariasis, Ascaris lumbricoides and hookworm larvae, Toxoplasma gondii and other infections.
5. Traumatic and foreign body pneumonia or allergic pneumonia caused by foreign body, trauma, vomit, drug, irritant inhalation or some allergic reactions.
6, some suppurative diseases: such as metritis, mastitis, etc., its pathogenic bacteria enter the lung through the blood, causing pneumonia.

Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Dogs

The first symptoms of pneumonia are usually symptoms of the primary disease. The temperature of the diseased area increased more than 40 degrees, showing a flaccid fever. The dogs showed depression, lethargy, anorexia or food deprivation, low amplitude of deep cough, increased respiration, and rhythm changes. With slight exercise, progressive dyspnea appears. With the development of the disease, the alveolar breathing sounds in the pulmonary lesions were weakened, the surrounding breathing sounds were enhanced, and there were wet or dry rales.

Diagnostic criteria for Dog Pneumonia

X-ray, blood routine, respiratory aspiration test and so on can be diagnosed.

Dog Pneumonia Treatment

The first thing to do is to diagnose the cause, and the most fundamental treatment is to treat the cause. For example, bacterial pneumonia is treated with antibiotics or sulfonamides, fungal pneumonia is treated with amphotericin B, 1.8 mg per kilogram of body weight, added to 5% glucose solution, intravenous injection, 7 days for a course, after 7 days to the next course. Parasitic pneumonia should be treated with anthelmintic drugs. Ephedrine was used orally in cases of dyspnea and heart weakness. 5-15 mg each time. Aminophylline, 10 mg per kg body weight, was overcome or given intravenously every 8 hours. Oxygen inhalation should be given to patients with hypoxia caused by dyspnea. For anorexia, intravenous fluids and nutrition were given.

Methods of prevention and control
Prevention can be made by vaccines, such as distemper, canine adenovirus type II, canine parainfluenza, as well as mycoplasma and Brucella bronchopneumoniae vaccines.
TAG:the lungs