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Dog Eczema:Causes, Treatment, and Related Symptoms

Dog Medicine
Eczema is an inflammatory reaction caused by allergenic substances acting on the epidermal cells of dogs. Erythema, blood rash, blisters, erosions and scales occur in the affected areas of dog skin diseases. At the same time, it will be accompanied by itching, pain, heat and other symptoms.

Causes of Dog Eczema

The pathogenesis of eczema is complex, generally related to allergic conjunctivitis, under the action of external physical factors and chemical factors, such as mechanical compression, friction, bite, scratch, mosquito bite; Some internal medicine, external medicine, disinfection drugs; Skin unclean, dirt stimulation, kennel damp and other factors stimulate the body, make the skin allergic, cause eczema. Lead to low resistance of the skin, can also cause the occurrence of eczema.

External causes

The main causes are poor skin hygiene, wet animal living environment, excessive sunlight exposure, stimulation of external substances, insect bites and other factors.

Internal causes

Internal causes include allergic reactions caused by various factors, nutritional disorders, some diseases, etc., which reduce the immune ability and body resistance of the animal body.

Symptoms Of Dog Eczema

The clinical manifestations of eczema are acute and chronic.

1. Acute eczema is mainly manifested as a red rash or papule on the skin. The lesions start on the face and back, especially the bridge of the nose, eyes and cheeks. And easy to spread to the periphery, the formation of small vesicles. After the blister burst, the local erosion, due to itching and wetting of the affected part, the animal was disturbed, licking and biting the affected part, resulting in aggravation of the skin papules.

2. Due to the long course of chronic eczema, the skin is thickened, mossy and dandruff; Although the skin is less moist, the itching persists and may worsen. Clinically, the most common form of eczema is eczematous rhinitis in dogs. Lupus or pemphigus occurs on the nose and other parts of the affected dog, with crusting, sometimes serous and ulcerated; Depigmentation and ulceration of the rhinoscopy occur when systemic and discoid lupus occurs.

Diagnostic Criteria For Dog Eczema 

The diagnosis of eczema mainly depends on the identification of pathogenic causes. Clinical inquiry, analysis of skin scrapings, relevant laboratory tests, and analysis of clinical symptoms are generally necessary to make a definite diagnosis. However, it requires a more complex diagnostic process.

Dog Eczema Treatment

The treatment of eczema should be based on the diagnosis, and the importance of comprehensive treatment should be paid attention to. Antipruritic, anti-inflammatory, desensitizing, nutritional fortification, and keeping the environment clean are essential.

Usable penicillin, gentamicin intramuscular injection, prevent infection.

For severe cases, dexamethasone injection can be combined with intramuscular injection twice a day. Fluocinolone acetonide or deyanpine acetate ointment was applied to the affected skin. To prevent skin infection, alternate application with erythromycin ointment.

Desensitization may also be performed. Dexamethasone tablets 0.2 mg per kilogram of body weight or prednisone acetate tablets 1.0 mg per kilogram of body weight can be taken orally. After decocting hair on the affected area, apply skin relaxant or Piyanping ointment to the skin. If in the period of pus inflammation, gentamycin, penicillin intramuscular injection can be used to prevent infection.

Medication can also be used and is equally effective. Recommend the drug and drug information.

(1) Qifeng granules: benefit qi solid surface, dispel wind and dehumidify, eliminate rash and relieve itching. Used for chronic urticaria of deficiency and dampness.

(2) Compound fluocinolone acetate tincture: it can make the blood vessels in the inflammation, reduce the permeability of capillaries, relieve the symptoms such as redness, swelling, heat and pain, and has the effect of dissolving skin cutin, sterilization and so on.

(3) Skin disease blood poison pill: clearing blood and detoxifying, reducing swelling and itching. Used for dispiriting meridians, rubella, warm rashes, itchy skin, freckles, rosacea, sores, berea, scabies, dizziness, and dry stools.

Methods of prevention and control
In life, we must pay attention to the usual health, give the dog a bath must blow dry dry, it is best to shave the cat, more sun, only give the dog to eat dog food or vegetables and fruits, people eat things do not give him to eat, beef and mutton do not eat.