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Scabies In Dogs:Causes, Treatment, and Related Symptoms

Dog Medicine
Scabies in dogs is a severe pruritic skin disease. After mating with adult scabies mites, the female burrows in the skin of the dog and lays eggs in the hole. The eggs hatch within 3 to 8 days, and the larvae move to the skin surface to molt and develop into first stage nymphs, second stage nymphs and adults. Males and virgin females also burrowed inside the skin, but mating took place on the surface of the skin. The entire life cycle takes 10 to 14 days. Scabies Canis is infected through direct contact.

Causes of Scabies In Dogs

Infection can occur in healthy dogs either through direct contact with sick dogs or through indirect contact with kennel equipment contaminated with mites and their eggs. Damp kennels, poor dog body hygiene, high skin surface humidity and low lung function can all promote the occurrence of this disease. Scabies mites live on the skin of dogs. They bite, move, chew and Pierce the skin, causing severe itching, exudation, skin desquamation, keratinization, skin hypertrophy and hair removal. At the same time, the skin is scratched, rubbed and gnawed.

Symptoms Of Scabies In Dogs

"It occurs mainly on the head (bridge of the nose, orbit, base of the auricle), but sometimes also on the chest, hypogastrium, armpits, inner thighs, and root of the tail, and then spreads throughout the body." At the beginning of the disease, the dog's skin will appear erythema, followed by small nodules, especially in the thin skin, small blisters and even pustules can be seen. In addition, there is a large amount of bran desquamation, or crusted eczema, and then the skin is hypertrophic, the fur is shed, and the surface is covered with crust, when the crust is removed, the epidermis is bright red and moist, often accompanied by bleeding. A dog's thickened skin, especially on the face, neck, and chest, is often wrinkled. Intense itching occurs throughout the course of the disease and becomes more intense when the temperature rises or body temperature rises after exercise. Sick dogs bite all day long, irritability, affect the normal feeding and rest, digestion, absorption function is reduced, wasting, followed by failure, and even death. When it occurs around the eye, it can lead to blindness in severe cases.

Diagnostic Criteria for Scabies In Dogs

1. Diagnosis was made by medical history combined with clinical examination.

2. Scabies mites or eggs can be diagnosed by scraping.

Treatment For Scabies In Dogs

Scabies is treated mainly by subcutaneous injection of one of the drugs, Tunicamycin and ivermectin, and also by spray of "Flein".

All dogs that come into contact with an affected dog must be treated and, in severe cases, the environment must be treated with an insecticide-sprayed insecticide.

Topical treatment includes the use of the following agents:

Lime sulfur dips, once a week, 6-8 times.

Seraptin (Daparella) is approved monthly, but every 2 weeks for a total of 3 doses is usually more effective.

Nonprednisolone spray (Fluor) can be given every 2 weeks for a total of three treatments.

Systemic treatment consisted of oral acaricides. There are several products that are not approved for the treatment of scabies but have been shown to be highly effective and the use of these will need to be discussed with your veterinarian. The breed of the affected dog must also be considered, as certain oral medications are unsafe for some breeds.

Secondary bacterial infections must also be treated appropriately.

Environmental treatment is easy and can be purchased at a pet hospital or pet store with a spray, usually using the same product used to treat flea infections.

Methods of prevention and control
(1) Mainly by isolating dogs with scabies to prevent mutual infection.

(2) pay attention to environmental hygiene, keep the kennel clean and dry, and regularly clean and disinfect the kennel, dog bed, bedding, etc.

(3) Livestock owners should pay attention to their own protection to prevent human infection.